“Terrorism may well be the most important word in the political vocabulary these days”, as stated by Schmid (2004), and yet, there is a critical lack of a unified international definition on terrorism, which means there are hundreds of characterizations from various sources. For this paper the definition given by Boaz Ganor (2002) will be used: “Terrorism is the intentional use of, or threat to use violence against civilians or against civilian targets, in order to attain political aims”. What is important to note is that the aims are always political, which has allowed for a smooth transition into a hybrid terrorist organisation on many fronts. This will be discussed further below, however, it is essential to have a basis of what a terrorist organisation is, before discussing the evolution into a hybrid terrorist organisation. This paper will focus on Islamist terrorist organisations and on two case studies: Hamas and Hezbollah.
Please [Download the PDF file] for further reading.