Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi

Letter to Baghdadi is an open letter to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria as a theological refutation of the practices of Islamic State of Iraq and Syria. It is signed by numerous Muslim theologians, lawmakers and community leaders. It is being cross-posted here at ITCT for referencing purposes. 

 

  • Open Letter to • AL-BAGHDADI

Executive Summary

  1. It is forbidden in Islam to issue fatwas without all the necessary learning requirements. Even then fatwas must follow Islamic legal theory as defined in the Classical texts. It is also forbidden to cite a portion of a verse from the Qur’an—or part of a verse—to derive a ruling without looking at everything that the Qur’an and Hadith teach related to that matter. In other words, there are strict subjective and objective prerequisites for fatwas, and one cannot ‘cherry-pick’ Qur’anic verses for legal arguments without considering the entire Qur’an and Hadith.
  2. It is forbidden in Islam to issue legal rulings about anything without mastery of the Arabic language.
  3. It is forbidden in Islam to oversimplify Shari’ah matters and ignore established Islamic sciences.
  4. It is permissible in Islam [for scholars] to differ on any matter, except those fundamentals of religion that all Muslims must know.
  5. It is forbidden in Islam to ignore the reality of contemporary times when deriving legal rulings.
  6. It is forbidden in Islam to kill the innocent.
  7. It is forbidden in Islam to kill emissaries, ambas- sadors, and diplomats; hence it is forbidden to kill journalists and aid workers.
  8. Jihad in Islam is defensive war. It is not permis- sible without the right cause, the right purpose and without the right rules of conduct.
  9. It is forbidden in Islam to declare people non- Muslim unless he (or she) openly declares dis- belief.

On Wednesday 24 September, 126 Islamic leading scholars and academics from around the world issued an open letter refuting the religious arguments of the ‘Islamic State’ (IS) group (also known as DA’ISH, ISIS, and ISIL). The 22-page letter was originally written in Arabic and relies heavily on quotes from the Qur’an and Hadith to comprehensively reject the violent actions and beliefs of the group. Although this is not the first time the IS group has been condemned by Muslim scholars, it is the first time that a comprehensive statement has been issued by Sunni scholars stating why the group is wrong, based on the very sources that the IS group claim to follow. It is presented in the traditional polite manner of giving advice. The English translation of the letter, which is reprinted below, was released in Washington by the executive director of the Council of American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), Nihad Awad, with ten other American Muslim religious and civil rights leaders.

  1. It is forbidden in Islam to harm or mistreat— in any way—Christians or any ‘People of the Scripture’.
  2. It is obligatory to consider Yazidis as People of the Scripture.
  1. The re-introduction of slavery is forbidden in Islam. It was abolished by universal consensus.
  1. It is forbidden in Islam to force people to convert.
  2. It is forbidden in Islam to deny women their rights.
  1. It is forbidden in Islam to deny children their rights.
  1. It is forbidden in Islam to enact legal punish- ments (hudud) without following the correct procedures that ensure justice and mercy.
  2. It is forbidden in Islam to torture people.
  3. It is forbidden in Islam to disfigure the dead.
  4. It is forbidden in Islam to attribute evil acts to God
  1. It is forbidden in Islam to destroy the graves and shrines of Prophets and Companions.
  1. Armed insurrection is forbidden in Islam for any reason other than clear disbelief by the ruler and not allowing people to pray.
  2. It is forbidden in Islam to declare a caliphate without consensus from all Muslims.
  1. Loyalty to one’s nation is permissible in Islam.
  2. After the death of the Prophet , Islam does not require anyone to emigrate anywhere.

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful Praise be to God, Lord of the Worlds, Peace and Blessings be upon the Seal of the Prophets and Messengers

By the declining day, Lo! man is a state of loss, Save those who believe and do good works, and exhort one another to truth and exhort one another to endurance. (Al-‘Asr, 103: 1-3)

 

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Source: LetterToBaghdadi

 

 

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