According to MoveHub (Tyrell, 2017), as our world is becoming more globalised, people are migrating across the globe at an increasing rate. This mass migration has not only transformed the host country, socially, economically and culturally, but has also produced diasporic communities within it. The term, diaspora is often associated with Jews living outside Israel, however it also relates to any community living outside of its homeland (Haider, 2015). For the purpose of this study, the term diaspora will relate to Muslim communities living in a Non-Muslim country specifically, in Europe and North America.
The research will focus on the impact living in a diasporic community has on a Muslim person’s likelihood of becoming radicalised. The term radicalisation has been used since the 18th century. In its historical context, it refers to someone who has worked in the field of medicine or science and is often related to the period of enlightenment, which became associated with anti-clerical, anti-monarchy and pro-democratic tendencies. The 20th century definition of radicalisation is different to that of two hundred years ago. Radicalisation is still a movement which is identified as anti-government and anti-authority, however rather than being associated with often left-wing political views, it is now more commonly associated with religious radicalisation, namely that of Islamist extremism (Schmid 2016).
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