Ghazwa e Hind


The link between politics and religion is power. Several theories examine the social cleavage amongst these two major factors for jihadists’ tendencies and the global terrorism. From the 19 century – 21st century, there have been mutations in religius and international affairs from the Middle East to Central, North and West Africa, to Europe, and the West. Jihad, which was considered to be an educational and religious promotion in the 19th century has switched to a political and extremist ideology through radical religious commands (fatwa). Nonetheless, Islam is a religion of peace, which the general theory of Islam advocates. This paper deconstructs the effects of cultural duality as issue extremism and jihadists’ tendencies in modern time. The problem is not just limiting the power of religious leaders, but reintegrating unity with respect of socio-political norms, for culture is destiny.

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