It certainly is a compelling task that which seeks to understand the development of two of the most powerful and influencing Islamist organization of the 20th century, namely, the Ikhwan al-Muslimun (hereafter Ikhwan) in Egypt and the Jama’at-i-Islami (hereafter Jama’at) in Pakistan. In fact, vis-à-vis the literature produced on the subject, it appears that a similar task must, if it is to be of any accuracy, firstly ask questions concerning such concepts as nationalism, the Qur’an, and the Shari’ah. Eventually, then, it must go further, and seek to explain how the interactions between these concepts happen, insofar as it subsequently helps to understand they ways in which the resulting ideologies are shaped. Hence, this essay will attempt to carry out a similar task, and ultimately give as precise an account as possible of how the two aforementioned Islamist religio-political organisations developed, with reference to their regional and historic contingencies, in addition to grasping both the similarities and the differences between the two at the level of their ideological nuances and organisational character traits.
Arturo Morselli is a second-year student in Religion, Philosophy and Ethics BA at Kings College London. He is to graduate in May 2020 with a dissertation project on Salafi Jihadism and a critical analysis of the theological elements in the ideology of the Hay’ at Tahrir al-Sham (a Syrian-based extremist group). He maintains a clear focus on the study of Islamic Theology and the way its interpretation feeds into such concepts as radicalisation and terrorism, with a further interest in the Middle East. He is also studying Arabic, so as to have a deeper understanding of original texts and Arabic-written content.